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Flower visiting insects of Melastoma in Taiwan

Latest version published by Taiwan Forestry Research Institute on Oct 20, 2020 Taiwan Forestry Research Institute

We investigated the diversity and behaviors of flower visiting insects to all four native species of genus Melastoma (Family Melastomataceae) at the Fushan Botanical Garden in Taiwan biweekly from May to August 2020. Insect-flower interactions were assigned into three categories based on the insect’s behaviors observed in the field. The aim of the project was to provide baseline data of pollinator-plant interactions between the endangered M. intermedia and sympatric Melastoma species. Such information is useful in generating conservation and management actions as interspecific hybridization has been reported from both wild and cultivated populations in this genus.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 911 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 911 records in English (41 KB) - Update frequency: irregular
Metadata as an EML file download in English (19 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (14 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Huang J C C, Hsieh Y C, Lu S S, Yeh W C, Liang J Y, Lin C J, Tung G S (2020): Flower visiting insects of Melastoma in Taiwan. v1.5. Taiwan Forestry Research Institute. Dataset/Occurrence. https://ipt.taibif.tw/resource?r=taiwanmelastomapollinator&v=1.5

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Taiwan Forestry Research Institute. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 51b39c28-ce6f-4c7f-ba01-261748411e31.  Taiwan Forestry Research Institute publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility.

Keywords

Buzz pollination; Lasioglossum; Maculonomia; Melastoma intermedia; sonication

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Joe Chun Chia Huang
Postdoctoral research fellow
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute No. 53, Nanhai Rd., Zhongzheng Dist., Taipei City, Taiwan 10066 Taipei City TW +886-22303-9978 ext. 2801
Yun Che Hsieh
Research Assistant
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute No. 67, Sanyuan Street, Zhongzheng District 11529 Taipei Taiwan TW
Sheng Shan Lu
Researcher
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute No. 67, Sanyuan Street, Zhongzheng District 11529 Taipei Taiwan TW
Wen Chi Yeh
Researcher
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute No. 67, Sanyuan Street, Zhongzheng District 11529 Taipei Taiwan TW
Jia Yuan Liang
Postdoctoral research fellow
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute No. 67, Sanyuan Street, Zhongzheng District 11529 Taipei Taiwan TW
Chien Jun Lin
Assistant Researcher
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute No. 67, Sanyuan Street, Zhongzheng District Taipei Taiwan TW
Gene Sheng Tung
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute No. 67, Sanyuan Street, Zhongzheng District 11529 Taipei Taiwan TW

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Gene Shen Tung
Researcher
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute No. 53, Nanhai Rd., Zhongzheng Dist., Taipei City, Taiwan 10066 Taipei City TW +886-22303-9978 ext. 2801
Joe Chun Chia Huang
Postdoctoral research fellow
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute Taipei TW

Who filled in the metadata:

Joe Chun Chia Huang
Postdoctoral research fellow
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute No. 53, Nanhai Rd., Zhongzheng Dist., Taipei City, Taiwan 10066 Taipei City TW +886-22303-9978 ext. 2801

Who else was associated with the resource:

Principal Investigator
Gene Shen Tung
Researcher
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute No. 53, Nanhai Rd., Zhongzheng Dist., Taipei City, Taiwan 10066 Taipei City TW +886-22303-9978 ext. 2801

Geographic Coverage

Fushan Botanical Garden, Yilan County, northeastern Taiwan

Bounding Coordinates South West [24.755, 121.595], North East [24.755, 121.595]

Taxonomic Coverage

63 insect species belong to 7 orders that associated with 5 Melastoma plant species, including a horticultural hybrid

Class  Insecta (insect)
Order  Coleoptera (beetle),  Hymenoptera (bee, wasp, hornet),  Diptera (fly, midge),  Hemiptera (bug, plant hopper),  Lepidoptera (moth, butterfly, caterpillar),  Blattodea (cockroach),  Orthoptera (grasshopper, cricket)

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2020-05-07 / 2020-08-19

Project Data

We investigated the diversity and behaviors of flower visiting insects to all four native species of genus Melastoma (Family Melastomataceae) at the Fushan Botanical Garden in Taiwan biweekly from May to August 2020. Insect-flower interactions were assigned into three categories based on the insect’s behaviors observed in the field. The aim of the project was to provide baseline data of pollinator-plant interactions between the endangered M. intermedia and sympatric Melastoma species. Such information is useful in generating conservation and management actions as interspecific hybridization has been reported from both wild and cultivated populations in this genus.

Title Checklist of flower visiting insects to genus Melastoma (Myrtales: Melastomataceae) at the Fushan Botanical Garden, Taiwan
Funding Project of Future Plants
Study Area Description Established in 1990, Fushan Botanical Garden (FBG) (24°45'21.2"N 121°35'43.5"E) is located in the mountain area in the northeast part of Taiwan Island. The garden is part of the Fushan Experimental Forest, which covers approximately 1,098 ha. The vegetation is characterized mainly by natural broad-leaved forest, dominated by trees of families Lauraceae and Fagaceae (Su et al. 2010). The region has a subtropical monsoon climate and is generally humid throughout the year. The mean temperature of 18.4 ℃ ranging from 10 ℃ to 30 ℃, and peaks in the summer season (June-August). The annual rainfall is 3,787 mm, with more rain during the Typhoon season (late August-October) (Lu and Huang 2013). The study was conducted at the garden’s nursery and trails surrounded.

The personnel involved in the project:

Principal Investigator
Gene Shen Tung

Sampling Methods

Diversity data of flower visiting insects to Melastome were obtained biweekly at FBG from May 07, 2020 to August 19, 2020. Four melastome species were picked, namely Melastoma affine D. Don, M. candidum D. Don, M. intermedia Dunn, and M. scaberrima (Hayata) Yang & Liu, 2002. For M. candidum, we included both the typical purple-flowered form and the white-flowered variant (M. candidum var. albiflorum). Melastoma affine is the only native melastome species known in this area. Ten wild M. affine individuals were selected along the trails adjacent to the nursery. For the rest species, including the white flower variant of M. candidum, 10-15 planted individuals for each type/species in the nursery were selected. For each survey session, observation of insects began from c. 45 mins from the sunrise and usually ended at 11:00 am for 2 consecutive days. Additional records of flower visiting insects out of the regular survey time were also included to maximize our understanding of the diversity of flower visiting insects. Taxa and behaviors (see the next section for the details) of insects with body length > 3 mm on the adaxisal surface of flowers were recorded. Insects were identified visually in the field to at least family level. For insects that cannot be identified in the field, a few samples of each morpho species were collected using a butterfly hand net. All Insect species were identified morphologically following existing keys (Starr 1992, Dubitzky et al. 2008, Hsu et al. 2018) and by comparisons with the insect specimen collection in Taiwan Forestry Research Institute.

Study Extent Established in 1990, Fushan Botanical Garden (FBG) (24°45'21.2"N 121°35'43.5"E) is located in the mountain area in the northeast part of Taiwan Island. The garden is part of the Fushan Experimental Forest, which covers approximately 1,098 ha.

Method step description:

  1. Diversity data of flower visiting insects to Melastome were obtained biweekly at FBG from May 07, 2020 to August 19, 2020. Four melastome species were picked, namely Melastoma affine D. Don, M. candidum D. Don, M. intermedia Dunn, and M. scaberrima (Hayata) Yang & Liu, 2002. For M. candidum, we included both the typical purple-flowered form and the white-flowered variant (M. candidum var. albiflorum). Melastoma affine is the only native melastome species known in this area. Ten wild M. affine individuals were selected along the trails adjacent to the nursery. For the rest species, including the white flower variant of M. candidum, 10-15 planted individuals for each type/species in the nursery were selected. For each survey session, observation of insects began from c. 45 mins from the sunrise and usually ended at 11:00 am for 2 consecutive days. Additional records of flower visiting insects out of the regular survey time were also included to maximize our understanding of the diversity of flower visiting insects. Taxa and behaviors (see the next section for the details) of insects with body length > 3 mm on the adaxisal surface of flowers were recorded. Insects were identified visually in the field to at least family level. For insects that cannot be identified in the field, a few samples of each morpho species were collected using a butterfly hand net. All Insect species were identified morphologically following existing keys (Starr 1992, Dubitzky et al. 2008, Hsu et al. 2018) and by comparisons with the insect specimen collection in Taiwan Forestry Research Institute.

Collection Data

Collection Name Forest Arthropod Collection of Taiwan
Specimen preservation methods Pinned

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 51b39c28-ce6f-4c7f-ba01-261748411e31
https://ipt.taibif.tw/resource?r=taiwanmelastomapollinator