Taiwan Agricultural Long Term Ecological Research Network aims to collect the occurrences of birds, amphibians and reptiles on the farmlands of Taiwan since 2021. We collected the observations at eight sites in different parts of Taiwan, and the crop types including rice paddies and orchards. All sites include at least a patch of fields with organic farming and conventional farming respectively. The surveyors recorded the date, time, location, and species of each individual which was observed by sight and/or sound. 為了改善農業環境狀況，並兼顧農業環境生產糧食及保育生物多樣性等多重價值，建立生物多樣性友善農業為推動新農業的重要研究題材。然而，臺灣雖然推動十餘年的公民科學，累積大量生物時空分布資料，農業環境缺仍舊相當缺乏資料。為此，我們與配合農業試驗所的農業長期生態監測計畫，自2021年起於全國八處監測站(新竹峨嵋、苗栗西湖、臺南麻豆、高雄燕巢、屏東枋山、臺東卑南、臺東池上、及花蓮富里)以地圖描繪法執行鳥類、兩棲類、爬行類的監測工作。
The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 865 records.
1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Lin Y-L & Lin D-L. 2022. The species occurrence dataset of The Taiwan Agricultural Long Term Ecological Research. Version 1.0. Taiwan Endemic Species Research Institute. Sampling event dataset.
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is Taiwan Biodiversity Research Institute. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: d4919a44-090f-4cc6-8643-4c5f7906117f. Taiwan Biodiversity Research Institute publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility.
Samplingevent; Taiwan; LTER; farmland; agriculture
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The locations of farmlands includes rice fields in Fuli Township, Hualien County and Chishang Township, Taitung County; pomelo orchards in Xihu Township, Miaoli County, and Madou District, Tainan City; Sakyamuni orchards in Beinan Township, Taitung County; jujube orchards in Yanchao District, Kaohsiung City; Citrus orchards in Emei Township, Hsinchu County; and mango orchards in Fangshan Township, Pingtung County. 調查範圍坐落在臺灣的農地裡。而農田的地點包含了花蓮縣富里鄉及台東縣池上鄉的水稻田；苗栗縣西湖鄉及台南市麻豆區的柚子果園；台東縣卑南鄉的釋迦果園；高雄市燕巢區的棗子果園；新竹縣峨眉鄉的柑橘果園；以及屏東縣枋山鄉的芒果果園。
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [21.861, 119.993], North East [25.319, 122.042]|
birds, amphibians and reptiles 鳥類、兩棲類與爬行類
|Class||Aves (Birds), Reptilia (Reptiles), Amphibia (Amphibians)|
|Start Date / End Date||2021-03-01 / 2021-12-31|
|Start Date / End Date||2022-03-01 / 2022-12-31|
Agricultural expansion is a major contributor to the loss of biodiversity. In recent years, there has been a push to establish biodiversity-friendly agriculture that takes into account multiple values, such as food production and conservation of biodiversity, in order to improve the agricultural environment. This is an important area of research for promoting new agricultural practices. Despite promoting citizen science in Taiwan for over a decade and accumulating a significant amount of data on the spatial and temporal distribution of organisms, there remains a considerable lack of data on the agricultural environment. In response, we have collaborated with the Agricultural Experimental Institute's long-term agricultural ecological monitoring plan. Since 2021, we have established eight monitoring stations across the country (Emei in Hsinchu, West Lake in Miaoli, Madou in Tainan, Yanchao in Kaohsiung, Fangshan in Pingtung, Beinan in Taitung, Chishang in Taitung, and Fuli in Hualien) to monitor birds, amphibians, and reptiles using the map drawing method. Each station's field area contains at least one conventional farming method and one organic farming method.
|Title||Taiwan Agricultural Long Term Ecological Research: species occurrence dataset|
|Funding||Coucil of Agriculture (112農科-4.4.1-農-C4(12))|
|Study Area Description||Taiwan (Emei in Hsinchu, West Lake in Miaoli, Madou in Tainan, Yanchao in Kaohsiung, Fangshan in Pingtung, Beinan in Taitung, Chishang in Taitung, and Fuli in Hualien)|
The personnel involved in the project:
The sites were selected by the Agricultural Research Institute, Council of Agriculture. None were selected by random sampling.
|Study Extent||The locations of farmlands includes rice fields in Fuli Township, Hualien County and Chishang Township, Taitung County; pomelo orchards in Xihu Township, Miaoli County, and Madou District, Tainan City; Sakyamuni orchards in Beinan Township, Taitung County; jujube orchards in Yanchao District, Kaohsiung City; Citrus orchards in Emei Township, Hsinchu County; and mango orchards in Fangshan Township, Pingtung County. 農田的地點包含：花蓮縣富里鄉及台東縣池上鄉的水稻田、苗栗縣西湖鄉及台南市麻豆區的柚子果園、台東縣卑南鄉的釋迦果園、高雄市燕巢區的棗子果園、新竹縣峨眉鄉的柑橘果園、以及屏東縣枋山鄉的芒果果園。|
|Quality Control||All data were double-checked by the surveyors and the project manager. 所有資料皆由團隊人員確認兩次以上，並與調查員核對。|
Method step description:
- Bird survey: Choose any 15-minute period between 15 minutes before sunrise and 1 hour before sunset (excluding the 11am-1pm period) to record the birds seen in the target agricultural area using the map drawing method. Survey dates should avoid bad weather such as rain and strong winds, and preferably be conducted on sunny days. The survey method adopts the "map drawing method," and the survey range is the target field area. Each bird survey lasts for 15 minutes, recording all the birds heard and seen, and marking their resting locations on the map. 鳥類調查：於日出前15分鐘至日落前一小時之間，任擇15分鐘(避開中午時段11am-1pm)，以地圖描繪法記錄目標農田區內出現的鳥類。調查日期避開雨天及強風等惡劣天氣，盡量選晴天調查。調查方法採「地圖描繪法」，調查範圍為目標田區範圍。每一處的鳥類調查執行15分鐘，記錄所有聽到及看到的鳥類個體，並將停棲地點記錄於地圖上。
- Amphibians and reptiles: Visual encounter surveys are conducted in combination with audio strip transects. A convenient and representative walking route (transect line) is planned, and the long-term monitoring station's range and surrounding areas are systematically traversed. Depending on the agricultural land type, different suggestions are made. For example, for small rice fields in Chishang, walk around the outer edge of the field ridge; for the complex rice fields in Fuli, plan a path that covers a relatively complete range of species during the survey time; for orchards, an alternative route can be chosen if it is not possible to walk around the field. 兩棲類與爬行類：採目視遇測法(Visual encounter surveys)，並搭配鳴叫計數法(Audio strip transects)，規劃一條方便行走且具代表性的路線(穿越線)，且有系統地走過長期監測站範圍內及周邊區域。依農地類型有不同的建議，池上的小型稻田：繞行外圍田梗一整圈；富里複合式稻田：規劃調查時間內能走完，且能記錄到涵蓋相對完整的物種的路徑；果園：通常未必有辦法繞行一圈，可挑選適合的替代路線。