Endemic species in Taiwan

Latest version published by Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility (TaiBIF) on Sep 7, 2021 Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility (TaiBIF)

Taiwan is a continental island, located between the southeastern coastline of mainland China and Japan's Ryukyu Islands. With diverse terrain and wide range of vertical elevations, Taiwan has tropical, subtropical, temperate, and frigid climate zones. These unique geographical conditions, coupled with the effect of habitat isolation, gave Taiwan its high biodiversity. The endemic species of Taiwan denotes the native plants and animals of Taiwan and its offshore islands such as Penghu Archipelago, Orchid Island, Green Island, etc. Even though the areas are small, the Checklist of Taiwan (TaiCoL, formerly TaiBNET) lists around 60,000 valid species scientific names. Among them, 9,000 are endemic species (including endemic subspecies and variety), showing the abundance of Taiwan’s endemic Species. TaiCoL also provides information on these species, such as their scientific names (including authors and years), common names, and synonyms. Through Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility (TaiBIF), the information on these endemic species are published and then shared and exchanged with other GBIF participants. Users can use keywords to link to other websites with relevant information. All these efforts will result in the circulation and utilization of information in the areas of research, education and conservation.

Data Records

The data in this checklist resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 9,825 records. 1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Taxon (core)
  • Description 

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 9,825 records in English (231 KB) - Update frequency: biannually
Metadata as an EML file download in English (7 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (7 KB)


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Chung KF, Shao KT (2021): Endemic species in Taiwan. v8.2. Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility (TaiBIF). Dataset/Checklist. https://ipt.taibif.tw/resource?r=taibnet_endemic&v=8.2


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility (TaiBIF). To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: e1c9e885-9d8c-45b5-9f7d-b710ac2b303b.  Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility (TaiBIF) publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility.


Checklist; Inventoryregional; Checklist


Who created the resource:

Kwang-Tsao Shao
Research Fellow (Retired)
Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica 128 Sec 2, Academia Rd., Nangang Dist. 115 Taipei TAIWAN

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Sz-Yi Tsai
Database Administrator
Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica 128 Sec 2, Academia Rd., Nangang Dist. 115 Taipei TAIWAN TW +886 2 27872220 28

Who filled in the metadata:

Kuo-Fang Chung
Associate Research Fellow
Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica 128 Sec 2, Academia Rd., Nangang Dist. 115 Taipei TAIWAN

Who else was associated with the resource:

Jack Lin
Chihjen Ko
Kun-Chi Lai

Geographic Coverage

Taiwan island and adjacent islets.

Bounding Coordinates South West [20.44, 116.21], North East [26.93, 124.61]

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers e1c9e885-9d8c-45b5-9f7d-b710ac2b303b