Evento de amostragem

The observation records from whale and dolphin watching inshore of Hualien, eastern Taiwan|臺灣花蓮近海賞鯨之鯨豚觀測紀錄

Versão mais recente publicado por Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation em 4 de Junho de 2024 Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation
Publication date:
4 de Junho de 2024
License:
CC-BY 4.0

Baixe a última versão do recurso de dados, como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) ou recurso de metadados, como EML ou RTF:

Dados como um arquivo DwC-A download 12.486 registros em English (1 MB) - Frequência de atualização: continuamente
Metadados como um arquivo EML download em English (13 KB)
Metadados como um arquivo RTF download em English (14 KB)

Descrição

A more detailed description of the dataset is in this data paper: https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.11.e109649

中文版本的說明文件請見: https://www.kuroshio.org.tw/newsite/article02.php?info_id=958

The eastern waters of Taiwan have been lacking baseline and research data for several years. This study was initiated by Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation (KOEF) in collaboration with the Turumoan whale-watching company since 1998, collecting long-term ecological data for cetaceans in the inshore of Hualien, eastern Taiwan. This dataset includes 12,486 records of cetacean sightings from June 1998 to December 2023. Collection of cetacean sighting records was paused for one year in 2001 due to budgetary reasons. All of the sighting records were collected by whale-watching boat guides that were trained by KOEF. Following a standardised protocol, guides used a handheld GPS device and cetacean sighting record sheets to document information about the cetacean species identification, location, time, number of individuals, the presence of mother-calf pairs and mixed-species groups and other states of each sighting during a whale-watching tour. The collection of citizen-science data during this period has significantly advanced Taiwan's cetacean baseline data in the study area. Additionally, we make data available to the public in the form of citizen-science, making a substantial contribution to the advancement of ocean scientific research.

This is currently the largest dataset of cetacean sighting records in Taiwan (last updated on 2024-02-16). We have also recorded several species on the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List categorised as "Data Deficient", "Vulnerable" and "Near Threatened". This study is also the first and only long-term study that has documented cetaceans in the study area.

If you have any questions about observation records 1998-2021, please contact Chieh-Hsi Hu. For observation records after 2022, please contact Pei-Yuan Pan.

Registros de Dados

Os dados deste recurso de evento de amostragem foram publicados como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), que é o formato padronizado para compartilhamento de dados de biodiversidade como um conjunto de uma ou mais tabelas de dados. A tabela de dados do núcleo contém 12.486 registros.

Também existem 2 tabelas de dados de extensão. Um registro de extensão fornece informações adicionais sobre um registro do núcleo. O número de registros em cada tabela de dados de extensão é ilustrado abaixo.

Event (core)
12486
ExtendedMeasurementOrFact 
86552
Occurrence 
12486

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Versões

A tabela abaixo mostra apenas versões de recursos que são publicamente acessíveis.

Como citar

Pesquisadores deveriam citar esta obra da seguinte maneira:

Yu H, Hu C, Pan P (2024): The observation records from whale and dolphin watching inshore of Hualien, eastern Taiwan|臺灣花蓮近海賞鯨之鯨豚觀測紀錄. v1.16. Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation. Dataset/Samplingevent. https://doi.org/10.15468/rg87xx

Direitos

Pesquisadores devem respeitar a seguinte declaração de direitos:

O editor e o detentor dos direitos deste trabalho é Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

Este recurso foi registrado no GBIF e atribuído ao seguinte GBIF UUID: 70e66bc4-a791-44c5-9c9b-1aa32934a909.  Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation publica este recurso, e está registrado no GBIF como um publicador de dados aprovado por Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility.

Palavras-chave

sighting data; citizen-science; whale-watching tour; cetacean; Samplingevent

Contatos

Hsin-Yi Yu
  • Originador
PhD
Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation
No.170, Jhongmei Rd.
97061 Hualien County
TW
+886-3-8246-700
Pei-Yuan Pan
  • Originador
  • Ponto De Contato
Cetacean researcher
Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation
No.170, Jhongmei Rd.
97061 Hualien County
TW
+886-3-8246-700
Chieh-Hsi Hu
  • Provedor Dos Metadados
  • Originador
  • Ponto De Contato
Cetacean researcher
Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation
No.170, Jhongmei Rd.
97061 Hualien County
TW
+886-3-8246-700

Cobertura Geográfica

All of the cetacean sighting data were collected inshore of Hualien, eastern Taiwan, within an approximate range of 20 kilometres from Hualien Port.

Coordenadas delimitadoras Sul Oeste [23,6, 121,5], Norte Leste [24,3, 121,9]

Cobertura Taxonômica

This dataset contains cetacean sighting records covering 20 different species. Prior to 2015, beaked whales were only recorded at the family level: Hyperoodontidae (Ziphiidae) and both dwarf sperm whale (Kogia sima (Owen, 1866)) and pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps (Blainville, 1838)) were mostly recorded at the genus level: Kogia Gray, 1846.

Ordem Cetacea (Whales and dolphins)

Cobertura Temporal

Data Inicial / Data final 1998-06-13 / 2023-12-30

Métodos de Amostragem

For each whale-watching tour, each ship accommodates one guide trained by KOEF’s cetacean experts to record cetacean sightings. The boat follows a random path until cetaceans are detected and sometimes we also receive sighting reports from other whale-watching boats. While observing cetaceans, the guide documents the location and time of each sighting with a hand-held GPS device, identifies the cetacean species, estimates the number of individuals and confirms the presence of mother-calf pairs and mixed-species groups in the vicinity. Upon returning, the guide fills in the cetacean record sheet, which contains fields included in this dataset. To avoid collecting duplicate sighting data, when there are trips with more than one vessel in the same area, only the data of one ship is recorded within the same trip. Trained volunteers subsequently input the data into a computer for digital storage.

Área de Estudo See the data paper for a more detailed description.

Descrição dos passos do método:

  1. While leaving Hualien port, the guide records the departure time using a hand-held GPS.
  2. The boat follows a random path until cetaceans are detected and sometimes we also receive sighting reports from other whale-watching boats. When cetaceans appear, the ship slowly approaches. The guide then marks the location and time with a hand-held GPS, identifies the cetacean species, estimates the number of individuals and confirms the presence of mother-calf pairs and mixed-species groups in the vicinity.
  3. When leaving the cetaceans, the guide marks the leaving time with a hand-held GPS. When entering the port, the guide uses the GPS to mark the arrival time.
  4. After returning to the whale-watching company, the guide fills in the cetacean record sheet, which contains fields included in this dataset.
  5. The cetacean record sheets are organised once a month and the information on the data sheets are entered into an Excel spreadsheet file by trained interns, volunteers and guides of KOEF.

Metadados Adicionais

Identificadores alternativos 70e66bc4-a791-44c5-9c9b-1aa32934a909
https://ipt.taibif.tw/resource?r=koef_whale_dolphin_observation