Sampling event

The observation records from whale and dolphin watching inshore of Hualien, eastern Taiwan|臺灣花蓮近海賞鯨之鯨豚觀測紀錄

最新バージョン Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation によって公開 2024/06/04 Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation
公開日:
2024/06/04
ライセンス:
CC-BY 4.0

DwC-A形式のリソース データまたは EML / RTF 形式のリソース メタデータの最新バージョンをダウンロード:

DwC ファイルとしてのデータ ダウンロード 12,486 レコード English で (1 MB) - 更新頻度: continually
EML ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (13 KB)
RTF ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (14 KB)

説明

A more detailed description of the dataset is in this data paper: https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.11.e109649

中文版本的說明文件請見: https://www.kuroshio.org.tw/newsite/article02.php?info_id=958

The eastern waters of Taiwan have been lacking baseline and research data for several years. This study was initiated by Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation (KOEF) in collaboration with the Turumoan whale-watching company since 1998, collecting long-term ecological data for cetaceans in the inshore of Hualien, eastern Taiwan. This dataset includes 12,486 records of cetacean sightings from June 1998 to December 2023. Collection of cetacean sighting records was paused for one year in 2001 due to budgetary reasons. All of the sighting records were collected by whale-watching boat guides that were trained by KOEF. Following a standardised protocol, guides used a handheld GPS device and cetacean sighting record sheets to document information about the cetacean species identification, location, time, number of individuals, the presence of mother-calf pairs and mixed-species groups and other states of each sighting during a whale-watching tour. The collection of citizen-science data during this period has significantly advanced Taiwan's cetacean baseline data in the study area. Additionally, we make data available to the public in the form of citizen-science, making a substantial contribution to the advancement of ocean scientific research.

This is currently the largest dataset of cetacean sighting records in Taiwan (last updated on 2024-02-16). We have also recorded several species on the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List categorised as "Data Deficient", "Vulnerable" and "Near Threatened". This study is also the first and only long-term study that has documented cetaceans in the study area.

If you have any questions about observation records 1998-2021, please contact Chieh-Hsi Hu. For observation records after 2022, please contact Pei-Yuan Pan.

データ レコード

この sampling event リソース内のデータは、1 つまたは複数のデータ テーブルとして生物多様性データを共有するための標準化された形式であるダーウィン コア アーカイブ (DwC-A) として公開されています。 コア データ テーブルには、12,486 レコードが含まれています。

拡張データ テーブルは2 件存在しています。拡張レコードは、コアのレコードについての追加情報を提供するものです。 各拡張データ テーブル内のレコード数を以下に示します。

Event (コア)
12486
ExtendedMeasurementOrFact 
86552
Occurrence 
12486

この IPT はデータをアーカイブし、データ リポジトリとして機能します。データとリソースのメタデータは、 ダウンロード セクションからダウンロードできます。 バージョン テーブルから公開可能な他のバージョンを閲覧でき、リソースに加えられた変更を知ることができます。

バージョン

次の表は、公にアクセス可能な公開バージョンのリソースのみ表示しています。

引用方法

研究者はこの研究内容を以下のように引用する必要があります。:

Yu H, Hu C, Pan P (2024): The observation records from whale and dolphin watching inshore of Hualien, eastern Taiwan|臺灣花蓮近海賞鯨之鯨豚觀測紀錄. v1.16. Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation. Dataset/Samplingevent. https://doi.org/10.15468/rg87xx

権利

研究者は権利に関する下記ステートメントを尊重する必要があります。:

パブリッシャーとライセンス保持者権利者は Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF登録

このリソースをはGBIF と登録されており GBIF UUID: 70e66bc4-a791-44c5-9c9b-1aa32934a909が割り当てられています。   Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility によって承認されたデータ パブリッシャーとして GBIF に登録されているKuroshio Ocean Education Foundation が、このリソースをパブリッシュしました。

キーワード

sighting data; citizen-science; whale-watching tour; cetacean; Samplingevent

連絡先

Hsin-Yi Yu
  • 最初のデータ採集者
PhD
Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation
No.170, Jhongmei Rd.
97061 Hualien County
TW
+886-3-8246-700
Pei-Yuan Pan
  • 最初のデータ採集者
  • 連絡先
Cetacean researcher
Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation
No.170, Jhongmei Rd.
97061 Hualien County
TW
+886-3-8246-700
Chieh-Hsi Hu
  • メタデータ提供者
  • 最初のデータ採集者
  • 連絡先
Cetacean researcher
Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation
No.170, Jhongmei Rd.
97061 Hualien County
TW
+886-3-8246-700

地理的範囲

All of the cetacean sighting data were collected inshore of Hualien, eastern Taiwan, within an approximate range of 20 kilometres from Hualien Port.

座標(緯度経度) 南 西 [23.6, 121.5], 北 東 [24.3, 121.9]

生物分類学的範囲

This dataset contains cetacean sighting records covering 20 different species. Prior to 2015, beaked whales were only recorded at the family level: Hyperoodontidae (Ziphiidae) and both dwarf sperm whale (Kogia sima (Owen, 1866)) and pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps (Blainville, 1838)) were mostly recorded at the genus level: Kogia Gray, 1846.

Order Cetacea (Whales and dolphins)

時間的範囲

開始日 / 終了日 1998-06-13 / 2023-12-30

収集方法

For each whale-watching tour, each ship accommodates one guide trained by KOEF’s cetacean experts to record cetacean sightings. The boat follows a random path until cetaceans are detected and sometimes we also receive sighting reports from other whale-watching boats. While observing cetaceans, the guide documents the location and time of each sighting with a hand-held GPS device, identifies the cetacean species, estimates the number of individuals and confirms the presence of mother-calf pairs and mixed-species groups in the vicinity. Upon returning, the guide fills in the cetacean record sheet, which contains fields included in this dataset. To avoid collecting duplicate sighting data, when there are trips with more than one vessel in the same area, only the data of one ship is recorded within the same trip. Trained volunteers subsequently input the data into a computer for digital storage.

Study Extent See the data paper for a more detailed description.

Method step description:

  1. While leaving Hualien port, the guide records the departure time using a hand-held GPS.
  2. The boat follows a random path until cetaceans are detected and sometimes we also receive sighting reports from other whale-watching boats. When cetaceans appear, the ship slowly approaches. The guide then marks the location and time with a hand-held GPS, identifies the cetacean species, estimates the number of individuals and confirms the presence of mother-calf pairs and mixed-species groups in the vicinity.
  3. When leaving the cetaceans, the guide marks the leaving time with a hand-held GPS. When entering the port, the guide uses the GPS to mark the arrival time.
  4. After returning to the whale-watching company, the guide fills in the cetacean record sheet, which contains fields included in this dataset.
  5. The cetacean record sheets are organised once a month and the information on the data sheets are entered into an Excel spreadsheet file by trained interns, volunteers and guides of KOEF.

追加のメタデータ

代替識別子 70e66bc4-a791-44c5-9c9b-1aa32934a909
https://ipt.taibif.tw/resource?r=koef_whale_dolphin_observation