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thysanorea

Latest version published by Ministry of Science and Techonology on Sep 25, 2019 Ministry of Science and Techonology

The geographic distribution of Thysanorea papuana isrevised based on fresh collections from Taiwan, literature research, and type studies.The species was previously known from Papua New Guinea and India, while this is the first record from Taiwan. Ramichloridium lignicola, which was recorded from Hong Kong and Thailand is recognized as synonymous and Alysidiopsis lignicola recorded from Mexico is a possible synonym. The distribution of this species appears to be paleotropical or even pantropical.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 2 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

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Versions

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How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Kirschner R (2019): thysanorea. v1.0. Ministry of Science and Techonology. Dataset/Occurrence. http://ipt.taibif.tw/resource?r=thysanorea&v=1.0

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Ministry of Science and Techonology. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: e4c1a4c5-42b2-4c1d-9908-c405fe5cd637.  Ministry of Science and Techonology publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility.

Keywords

Occurrence; Specimen

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Roland Kirschner
Professor
National Taiwan University TW

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Roland Kirschner
Professor
National Taiwan University TW

Who filled in the metadata:

Roland Kirschner
Professor
National Taiwan University TW

Who else was associated with the resource:

User
Roland Kirschner
Professor
National Taiwan University TW

Geographic Coverage

Own specimens from Taiwan, loaned specimens from Hong Kong and Papua New Guinea, literature records from India and Thailand

Bounding Coordinates South West [-16.636, 56.25], North East [31.952, 170.156]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Species  Thysanorea papuana

Project Data

The monotypic genus Thysanorea (Chaetothyriomycetes) is characterized by Periconiella-like penicillate conidiophores. The morphology and geographic distribution of Thysanorea papuana are revised based on fresh collections from Taiwan, literature research, and type studies. It is revealed that the original morphological generic characterization is based on cultivation artifacts. On the natural substrate and in fresh isolates, conidiophore heads appear less complex and are shed off and replaced by repeated percurrent regeneration. The species was previously known from Papua New Guinea and India, while this is the first record from Taiwan. Ramichloridium lignicola, which was recorded from Hong Kong and Thailand is recognized as synonymous and Alysidiopsis lignicola recorded from Mexico is a possible synonym. Wang et al. (Mycological Progress (2019) 18:511–522) demonstrated the synonymy of Th. aquatica from Thailand with Th. papuana. The distribution of this species appears to be paleotropical or even pantropical.

Title 台灣白粉菌無性世代之分類研究
Funding NSC102-2621-B-008-001-MY3
Study Area Description Taiwan

The personnel involved in the project:

Roland Kirschner

Sampling Methods

Two specimens were collected on dead woody substrates in northern and southern Taiwan, respectively, and deposited in the Museum of Natural Science, Taichung, Taiwan (TNM). Isolation of pure culture and morphological investigation were conducted as described in Kirschner (2016). Air-dried specimens from field collections were mounted on stubs, sputter-coated with gold and investigated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) using a low vacuum scanning electron microscope at National Central University. Loans of type specimens were requested from the herbaria of the Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, Utrecht, The Netherlands (CBS-H), Instituto de Ecología y Sistemática, Havana, Cuba (HAC), and the International Fungal Research & Development Centre, Kunming, China (IFRD).

Study Extent One sample each was collected in southern Taiwan (Kaohsiung County) in 2002 and northern Taiwan (Taoyuan City)in 2014. Further specimens were requested or loaned from herbaria in order to cover Hong Kong (the type of Ramichloridium lignicola) and Papua New Guinea (the type of Thysanorea papuana)

Method step description:

  1. Two specimens were collected on dead woody substrates in northern and southern Taiwan, respectively, and deposited in the Museum of Natural Science, Taichung, Taiwan (TNM). Isolation of pure culture and morphological investigation were conducted as described in Kirschner (2016). Air-dried specimens from field collections were mounted on stubs, sputter-coated with gold and investigated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) using a low vacuum scanning electron microscope at National Central University. Loans of type specimens were requested from the herbaria of the Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, Utrecht, The Netherlands (CBS-H), Instituto de Ecología y Sistemática, Havana, Cuba (HAC), and the International Fungal Research & Development Centre, Kunming, China (IFRD). Literature was consulted as Aptroot A, van Iperen A. 1998 – New ascomycetes and ascomycete record from Papua New Guinea. Nova Hedwigia 67, 481–497. Arzanlou M, Groenewald JZ, Gams W, Braun U, Shin HD, Crous PW. 2007 – Phylogenetic and morphotaxonomic revision of Ramichloridium and allied genera. Studies in Mycology 58, 57–93. DOI 10.3114/sim.2007.58.03. Pratibha J, Prabhugaonkar A. 2015 – New record of Thysanorea papuana from India. Mycosphere 6(4), 480–485. DOI 10.5943/mycosphere/6/4/9 Tsui CKM, Goh TK, Hyde KD, Hodgkiss JI. 2001 – New records or species of Dictyochaeta, Endophragmiella and Ramichloridium from submerged wood in Hong Kong freshwater streams. Cryptogamie Mycologie 22(2), 139–145. Material examined was from Hong Kong, Tai Po, Lam Tsuen River, on dead submerged branch, April 1997, K.M. Tsui KM 171 [formerly HKU(M), now IFRD, holotype of Ramichloridium lignicola, in poor condition, without conidiogenous heads and conidia], Papua New Guinea, Madang Province, foothill of Finisterre range, 40.8 km along road Madang-Lae, alt. 200 m, on stipe of unknown plant, 2 November 1995, A. Aptroot 36647 (CBS-H 6351, holotype of Thysanorea papuana), Taiwan, Kaohsiung County, between Baolai and Jiaxian, 400-600 m, on branch on ground, 6 July 2002, R. Kirschner & C.-J. Chen 1356 (TNM), Taoyuan City, Shihmen Dam area, 823 ca. 250 m, on rotting wood on ground, 16 April 2014, R. Kirschner 4019 (TNM), – living culture: BCRC FU30287, – ITS sequence: GenBank KX894451.

Collection Data

Collection Name TNM
Specimen preservation methods Dried

Bibliographic Citations

  1. R. Kirschner. Revision of the morphology and biogeography of Thysanorea papuana. Mycosphere, 2016 (December) 7(6): 820-827. Doi 10.5943/mycosphere/7/6/13

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers http://ipt.taibif.tw/resource?r=thysanorea