OCCURRENCE

A Dataset of Deep-Sea Fishes Surveyed by Research Vessels in the Waters around Taiwan

Última versión Publicado por Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility (TaiBIF) en 16 de julio de 2020 Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility (TaiBIF)
The study of deep-sea fish fauna is hampered by a lack of data due to the difficulty and high cost incurred in its surveys and collections. Taiwan is situated along the edge of the Eurasia plate, at the junction of three Large Marine Ecosystems or Ecoregions of the East China Sea, South China Sea and the Philippines. As nearly two-thirds of its surrounding marine ecosystems are deep-sea environments, Taiwan is expected to hold a rich diversity of deep-sea fish. However, in the past, no research vessels were employed to collect fish data on site. Only specimens, caught by bottom trawl fishing in the waters hundreds of meters deep and missing precise locality information, were collected from Dasi and Donggang fishing harbors. Began in 2001, with the support of National Science Council, resea... Más
Fecha de publicación:
16 de julio de 2020
Licencia:
CC-BY-NC 4.0

Descripción

The study of deep-sea fish fauna is hampered by a lack of data due to the difficulty and high cost incurred in its surveys and collections. Taiwan is situated along the edge of the Eurasia plate, at the junction of three Large Marine Ecosystems or Ecoregions of the East China Sea, South China Sea and the Philippines. As nearly two-thirds of its surrounding marine ecosystems are deep-sea environments, Taiwan is expected to hold a rich diversity of deep-sea fish. However, in the past, no research vessels were employed to collect fish data on site. Only specimens, caught by bottom trawl fishing in the waters hundreds of meters deep and missing precise locality information, were collected from Dasi and Donggang fishing harbors. Began in 2001, with the support of National Science Council, research vessels were made available to take on the task of systematically collecting deep-sea fish specimens and occurrence records in the waters surrounding Taiwan. By the end of 2006, a total of 3,653 specimens, belonging to 26 orders, 88 families, 198 genera and 366 species, were collected in addition to data such as sampling site geographical coordinates and water depth, and fish body length and weight. The information, all accessible from the “Database of Taiwan’s Deep-Sea Fauna and Its Distribution (http://deepsea.biodiv.tw/)” as part of the “Fish Database of Taiwan,” can benefit the study of temporal and spatial changes in distribution and abundance of fish fauna in the context of global deep-sea biodiversity.

Registros

Los datos en este registros biológicos recurso han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 3.653 registros.

también existen 1 tablas de datos de extensiones. Un registro en una extensión provee información adicional sobre un registro en el core. El número de registros en cada tabla de datos de la extensión se ilustra a continuación.

  • Occurrence (core)
    3653
  • MeasurementOrFacts 
    21918

Este IPT archiva los datos y, por lo tanto, sirve como repositorio de datos. Los datos y los metadatos del recurso están disponibles para su descarga en la sección descargas. La tabla versiones enumera otras versiones del recurso que se han puesto a disposición del público y permite seguir los cambios realizados en el recurso a lo largo del tiempo.

Descargas

Descargue la última versión de los datos como un Archivo Darwin Core (DwC-A) o los metadatos como EML o RTF:

Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 3.653 registros en Inglés (172 kB) - Frecuencia de actualización: desconocido
Metadatos como un archivo EML descargar en Inglés (16 kB)
Metadatos como un archivo RTF descargar en Inglés (14 kB)

Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

Derechos

Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility (TaiBIF). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: 8c7571ee-8515-4b68-afc0-6f20da6a8a68.  Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility (TaiBIF) publica este recurso, y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility.

Palabras Clave

Deep-Sea Fish Fauna; Otter Trawl; Beam Trawl; IKMT; Catalog of Life; Barcode of Life; Encyclopedia of Life

Contactos

¿Quién creó el recurso?:

Kwang-Tsao Shao
Research Fellow
Biodiversity Research Center Academia Sinica, Taiwan
No. 128, Sec. 2, Academia Rd. Nankang, Taipei, TAIWAN, R.O.C.
115 Taipei
Taiwan
TW
886-2-27887330 ext 200
http://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw/eng/shao.php

¿Quién puede resolver dudas acerca del recurso?:

Kwang-Tsao Shao
Research Fellow
Biodiversity Research Center Academia Sinica, Taiwan
No. 128, Sec. 2, Academia Rd. Nankang, Taipei, TAIWAN, R.O.C.
115 Taipei
Taiwan
TW
886-2-27887330 ext 200
http://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw/eng/shao.php

¿Quién documentó los metadatos?:

Jack Lin
Software Engineer
Biodiversity Research Center Academia Sinica, Taiwan
No. 128, Sec. 2, Academia Rd. Nankang, Taipei, TAIWAN, R.O.C.
115 Taipei
Taiwan
TW
886-2-27899579

¿Quién más está asociado con el recurso?:

Proveedor de Contenido
Hsin-Ming Yeh
Research Fellow
Coastal and Offshore Resources Research Center, Fisheries Research Institute, COA
Coastal and Offshore Resources Research Center, Fisheries Research Institute, COA, No.6, Yugang N. 3rd Rd., Qianzhen Dist., 806, Kaohsiung City, TAIWAN
80672 Kaohsiung
Taiwan
TW

Cobertura Geográfica

Seas around Taiwan.

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [20,648, 117,295], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [25,384, 123,012]

Cobertura Taxonómica

The coverage of this dataset includes Class Actinopterygii (3,496/3,653), Class Chondrichthyes (156/3,653) and Class Myxini (1/3,653). The top 10 orders are Gadiformes, Myctophiformes, Anguilliformes, Stomiiformes, Ophidiiformes, Pleuronectiformes, Argentiniformes, Perciformes, Beryciformes and Squaliformes. The top 10 families are Macrouridae, Myctophidae, Ophidiidae, Sternoptychidae, Cynoglossidae, Synaphobranchidae, Muraenesocidae, Gonostomatidae, Alepocephalidae and Neoscopelidae.

Reino  Animalia
Filo  Chordata
Class  Actinopterygii, Chondrichthyes, Myxini
Orden  Albuliformes, Anguilliformes, Argentiniformes, Aulopiformes, Beryciformes, Carcharhiniformes, Chimaeriformes, Gadiformes, Gasterosteiformes, Gonorhynchiformes, Lamniformes, Lophiiformes, Myctophiformes, Myliobatiformes, Myxiniformes, Ophidiiformes, Perciformes, Pleuronectiformes, Rajiformes, Saccopharyngiformes, Scorpaeniformes, Squaliformes, Stephanoberyciformes, Stomiiformes, Tetraodontiformes, Torpediniformes
Familia  Acropomatidae, Alepocephalidae, Aphyonidae, Aploactinidae, Bathyclupeidae, Bathylaconidae, Bothidae, Bramidae, Bregmacerotidae, Bythitidae, Callionymidae, Caristiidae, Centrophoridae, Cepolidae, Ceratiidae, Champsodontidae, Chaunacidae, Chiasmodontidae, Chimaeridae, Chlorophthalmidae, Colocongridae, Congridae, Cottidae, Cynoglossidae, Dalatiidae, Diretmidae, Ereuniidae, Etmopteridae, Eurypharyngidae, Gempylidae, Gonorynchidae, Gonostomatidae, Halosauridae, Himantolophidae, Hoplichthyidae, Ipnopidae, Linophrynidae, Lophiidae, Macrouridae, Melamphaidae, Melanocetidae, Melanonidae, Microstomatidae, Moridae, Muraenesocidae, Muraenidae, Myctophidae, Myxinidae, Nemichthyidae, Neoscopelidae, Nettastomatidae, Nomeidae, Notacanthidae, Ogcocephalidae, Oneirodidae, Ophichthidae, Ophidiidae, Ostracoberycidae, Paralepididae, Paralichthyidae, Percichthyidae, Percophidae, Peristediidae, Phosichthyidae, Poecilopsettidae, Priacanthidae, Pseudocarchariidae, Rajidae, Rondeletiidae, Scopelarchidae, Scorpaenidae, Scyliorhinidae, Serrivomeridae, Sparidae, Squalidae, Sternoptychidae, Stomiidae, Synaphobranchidae, Syngnathidae, Synodontidae, Tetraodontidae, Torpedinidae, Trachichthyidae, Triacanthodidae, Trichiuridae, Triglidae, Urolophidae, Zoarcidae

Cobertura Temporal

Fecha Inicial / Fecha Final 2001-05-20 / 2006-08-27

Datos del Proyecto

No hay descripción disponible

Título Survey of Deep-Sea Fish Diversity by Research Vessels in Taiwan Waters
Fuentes de Financiación Ministry of Science and Technology, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (Taiwan)
Descripción del Área de Estudio Taiwan is located on the eastern edge of Asian continental shelf. To the west of Taiwan is the shallow Taiwan Strait, to the northeast is the Okinawa Trough (maximum depth 2,716 m), to the east the complex and diverse Philippine Sea (with deep oceanic trenches), and to the south the South China Sea (maximum depth 5,016 m). These deep-water environments were where the surveys were carried out.
Descripción del Diseño This study focused on Taiwan’s deep-sea fish fauna which so far hasn’t been investigated much, and hoped to learn if the fauna varies depending on sea area, current and water depth. The specimens caught all went through taxonomic identification and had their collection time, water depth and coordinates recorded. A geographic information system (GIS) on their distributions was established in order to provide references for future academic researches as well as for resource development, management and assessment. One or several specimens per fish species were selected to have their photos taken in color. Keeping to the Barcode of Life tissue preservation techniques, a small piece of tissue was then excised, preserved in 90-95% alcohol and stored at BRCAS in liquid nitrogen canisters. Backup tissue samples were also stored at Livestock Research Institute, COA so that in the future they can be used in the study of molecular biology and genetics. The voucher specimens and whole fish specimens were stored at BRCAS too. All the specimen information was entered into Taiwan Fish Database and is freely accessible to all.

Personas asociadas al proyecto:

Autor
Kwang-Tsao Shao

Métodos de Muestreo

The research vessels used were “R/V Fishery Researcher I,” “R/V Ocean Researcher I” and “R/V Ocean researcher III.” Constrained by limited cable length, the maximum depth sampled was 4,460 meters. Major equipment used were otter trawl, French type beam trawl of 4 m span, ORE type beam trawl of 3 m span and Isaacs-Kidd midwater trawl (IKMT). Once the nets reached the sea bottom, they were towed for one hour at a ground speed of 1.5-2.5 knot for otter trawls and 1.0-1.5 knot for others.

Área de Estudio The surveys were carried out from 2001 to 2006 in waters off northeastern Taiwan (Okinawa Trough), eastern Taiwan, southeastern Taiwan (Western Pacific) and southwestern Taiwan (South China Sea).
Control de Calidad All the scientific names of fish samples were validated by the updated fish checklist in the “Fish Database of Taiwan” or TaiCOL (http://col.taibif.tw; formerly TaiBNET, http://taibnet.sinica.edu.tw) before they were entered into database. Afterward, they were validated again by matching against FishBase and Catalog of Fishes, California Academy of Sciences for further correction. If a specimen was rare or it might belong to an undescribed or new species, it was photographed in fresh and then both the specimen and its tissue sample were catalogued and deposited at the Biodiversity Research Museum of Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica (ASIZP of BRCAS). The latitude and longitude of trawling routes were plotted on Google Maps and outlier detection was conducted.

Descripción de la metodología paso a paso:

  1. Step1: Sampling locality and water depth were recorded. Step2: Specimens were roughly classified and counted either right on board or when they reached the shore. Step3: Specimens were shipped back to the lab for species identification, body length and weight measurement, and picture taking. Step4: Specimens were fixed in 10% Neutral Buffered Formalin for one month. Next, they were cleaned with water and preserved in 70% alcohol.

Metadatos Adicionales

Identificadores Alternativos 8c7571ee-8515-4b68-afc0-6f20da6a8a68
http://ipt.taibif.tw/resource?r=deep-sea-fishes